Geocoding is the process of transforming a description of a location—such as a pair of coordinates, an address, or a name of a place to a location on the earth's surface. You can geocode by entering one location description at a time or by providing many of them at once in a table. The resulting locations are output as geographic features with attributes, which can be used for mapping or spatial analysis. You can quickly find various kinds of locations through geocoding.
Geocoding addresses in ArcGIS Pro
Please follow the steps below to geocode addresses in ArcGIS Pro.
1) In ArcGIS Pro, click on Tools to open Geoprocessing pane.
2) On the Geoprocessing pane, type geocode addresses in the search box. The first search result is Geocode Addresses tool. Click on it to start the tool.
3) Click the Browse button next to the Input Table box. On the Input Table dialog box, specify your table file.
4) In the Input Address Locator dialog box, click on the drop-down and select ArcGIS World Geocoding Service.
Geocoding using ArcGIS World Geocoding Service consumes credits. Each Clemson user has a total of 3,000 credits. If you are geocoding thousands of points, you will use all of your credits and won't be able to use ArcGIS Online for the intended functionality (publishing data, story maps, etc).
5) Specify appropriate settings for Input Address Fields, Country, Preferred Location Type, and Category, depending on your table data.
6) Specify the name of your output in Output Feature Class and navigate it to your output location.
7) Click Run to geocode the table.
If you wish to learn more how to geocode, please refer to this Esri's tutorial.